Definition of Government Agencies
A government or state agency is a permanent or semi-permanent organization that operates within a certain government. Government agencies are responsible for the oversight and administration of specific functions required to keep a country’s operations in proper condition. Government agencies may sometimes come in the form of an appointed commission. One example of a government agency is that of an intelligence agency. There is a notable variety of agency types which differ across every country of the world. Due to the fact that their functions differ, a government agency is not the same as a department, ministry, or any other type of public body established by a government. The functions of an agency are typically of an executive nature because different types of organizations, such as commissions, are usually tasked with responsibilities of an advisory nature. However, this distinction is not always strictly followed in practice.
A government agency may either be established by either a national government or a state government within a federal system. The term is rarely used to define an organization created by the powers of a local government body. Agencies can be established by legislation or by executive powers. The autonomy, independence, and accountability of government agencies also vary depending on the functions of the agency in question as well as the country in which the agency is located.