The Basic Agrarian Law governs land and property in Indonesia. This important piece of legislation incorporates customary (ADAT) laws as well as rules enacted by Dutch colonial rulers. ADAT rules governed land registration for Indonesians before the Basic Agrarian Law was enacted, as did Dutch colonial regulations for foreigners.
As a result, the Basic Agrarian Law was enacted to provide a single regime that would abolish the two laws that controlled land matters while also preserving some of the principles relevant to land ADAT laws.
The government has the authority to decide the objectives for which land will be utilized, the relationship between land and persons or groups of individuals, and the repercussions of legal actions affecting land, according to the Basic Agrarian Law.