A location’s or region’s climate is influenced by its latitude, height, terrain, and neighboring water bodies and currents. The climate varies greatly in various places of the world. Natural processes or external influences such as persistent changes in the atmosphere or changes in land use are mostly responsible for these variations.
Rainfall is usually the main variable in Indonesia’s climate as there are various variations of rainfalls that dawn on Indonesia throughout the year. Here are the 2 seasons in Indonesia:
These 2 seasons differ across its various islands and the west coast of Sumatra gets a noticeably small amount of rainfall at 400 centimeters per year which is similar to Kalimantan, Java, Papua, and some parts of Sulawesi. On the contrary, island such as West Sumatra, West Java, Bali, Central Kalimantan, Sulawesi, and Papua are the dampest regions of Indonesia with rainfall totaling 2,000 millimeters a year.
Due to the recent effects of global warming and climate change, the weather in Indonesia is no longer predictable. Sometimes, heavy rain will emerge during dry seasons while drought can hit certain areas during rainy seasons.
Sumatra experienced rain from October to January in the north and November to February in the south. The inconsistent weather patterns are caused by global warming, affecting rainfall patterns all over Indonesia.
Bali and Kalimantan on the other hand are relatively unaffected by seasonal weather changes which bring about greater chances of flooding and droughts during wet and dry season, respectively.