Most Demanded Jobs in Indonesia
Indonesia’s job market is uneven across its various regions as only two major cities, Jakarta and Denpasar, are known as the hub for providing substantial employment opportunities. Skill-based jobs are mostly in demand in most of the regions across Indonesia. People are seen moving from rural jobs related to agriculture and fishery to careers in the cities. Many people are enrolling themselves in the vocational courses to get jobs in the cities.
Most of the rural-based workforce is moving towards the palm oil industry because Indonesia is the world’s largest producer of palm oil. Many skilled people from Sumatra and Kalimantan are employed in this industry. This industry is the primary foreign exchange earner. It also employs millions of workers in Indonesia. This industry contributes nearly 2.5% of the country’s GDP.
Many Indonesians as well as foreigners living there are employed in the tourism sector, particularly in Bali because it is a famous tourist destination. Teaching is also one of the most coveted and skill-based professions; thus, many educated Indonesians are employed in urban schools. This profession attracts most people since the government allocates 70% of education funds for teachers’ salaries. Many Indonesians are also employed in state-owned enterprises. Such jobs pay well and also have significant perks and allowances. Those who pass a government-administered test may claim a job in such enterprises. Accounting, business, finance, and marketing jobs are also in high demand across Indonesia. Such jobs are plentiful in Jakarta and Denpasar, but in general, they are in demand across the country.
Other jobs which attract many Indonesians who have the requisite educational qualifications are those of IT expert, journalist, doctor, accountant, nurse, editor, and customer service representatives.
On the other hand, many of those who do not have requisite educational qualifications choose to work lower-income jobs abroad. Many of these people come from low-income rural areas. They work in foreign countries, then send money back to their home. The less educated people who remain in Indonesia to work often take up jobs such as hawker, peddlers, professional driver, waiter or waitress, factory worker, farmer, street performer, or fisher, among others.
Role of Government to Reduce Employment Inequality Between Various Regions
The unemployment rates differ across various regions in Indonesia because of education and living standards. However, the government of Indonesia is taking concrete measures to reduce this employment inequality. Many of the government’s agencies have devised strategies to provide equal services to people living in rural as well as urban areas.
By providing educational subsidies and conditional cash transfers, the Indonesian government has facilitated the strengthening of social programs. The government has also used the money it has received through taxes for the reduction of income inequality. The Indonesian government has also been working on providing immediate services for the educational and health sectors while also promoting family planning, job opportunities, and skill-based jobs for the Indonesian workforce. The government also plans to reduce the gender gap when distributing wages to male and female workers.
The government of Indonesia has been working rapidly towards reducing the employment inequality in the country so that everyone there can lead a high-quality life.
Indonesia’s economy has seen significant changes, especially in the agricultural sector and trade industry. Although there are fundamental regional differences in the job market and unemployment rates of the country, these differences have been reduces by the government. Due to changes made in industries such as mining, petroleum, natural gas, rubber, and automotive, the country has seen significant growth. Locals and foreigners alike can be employed if they fulfill the primary criteria related to the selection.